URL functions#

Extraction functions#

The URL extraction functions extract components from HTTP URLs (or any valid URIs conforming to RFC 2396). The following syntax is supported:


The extracted components do not contain URI syntax separators such as : or ?.

url_extract_fragment(url) varchar#

Returns the fragment identifier from url.

url_extract_host(url) varchar#

Returns the host from url.

url_extract_parameter(url, name) varchar#

Returns the value of the first query string parameter named name from url. Parameter extraction is handled in the typical manner as specified by RFC 1866#section-8.2.1.

url_extract_path(url) varchar#

Returns the path from url.

url_extract_port(url) bigint#

Returns the port number from url.

url_extract_protocol(url) varchar#

Returns the protocol from url:

SELECT url_extract_protocol('http://localhost:8080/req_path');
-- http

SELECT url_extract_protocol('');
-- https

SELECT url_extract_protocol('ftp://path/file');
-- ftp
url_extract_query(url) varchar#

Returns the query string from url.

Encoding functions#

url_encode(value) varchar#

Escapes value by encoding it so that it can be safely included in URL query parameter names and values:

  • Alphanumeric characters are not encoded.

  • The characters ., -, * and _ are not encoded.

  • The ASCII space character is encoded as +.

  • All other characters are converted to UTF-8 and the bytes are encoded as the string %XX where XX is the uppercase hexadecimal value of the UTF-8 byte.

url_decode(value) varchar#

Unescapes the URL encoded value. This function is the inverse of url_encode().