Google Sheets connector#

The Google Sheets connector allows reading and writing Google Sheets spreadsheets as tables in Trino.


Create etc/catalog/ to mount the Google Sheets connector as the example catalog, with the following contents:

Configuration properties#

The following configuration properties are available:

Property name



Path to the Google API JSON key file


The base64 encoded credentials key


Sheet ID of the spreadsheet, that contains the table mapping


Maximum number of spreadsheets to cache, defaults to 1000

How long to cache spreadsheet data or metadata, defaults to 5m


Timeout when connection to Google Sheets API, defaults to 20s

Timeout when reading from Google Sheets API, defaults to 20s


Timeout when writing to Google Sheets API, defaults to 20s


The connector requires credentials in order to access the Google Sheets API.

  1. Open the Google Sheets API page and click the Enable button. This takes you to the API manager page.

  2. Select a project using the drop down menu at the top of the page. Create a new project, if you do not already have one.

  3. Choose Credentials in the left panel.

  4. Click Manage service accounts, then create a service account for the connector. On the Create key step, create and download a key in JSON format.

The key file needs to be available on the Trino coordinator and workers. Set the gsheets.credentials-path configuration property to point to this file. The exact name of the file does not matter – it can be named anything.

Alternatively, set the gsheets.credentials-key configuration property. It should contain the contents of the JSON file, encoded using base64.

Metadata sheet#

The metadata sheet is used to map table names to sheet IDs. Create a new metadata sheet. The first row must be a header row containing the following columns in this order:

  • Table Name

  • Sheet ID

  • Owner (optional)

  • Notes (optional)

See this example sheet as a reference.

The metadata sheet must be shared with the service account user, the one for which the key credentials file was created. Click the Share button to share the sheet with the email address of the service account.

Set the gsheets.metadata-sheet-id configuration property to the ID of this sheet.

Querying sheets#

The service account user must have access to the sheet in order for Trino to query it. Click the Share button to share the sheet with the email address of the service account.

The sheet needs to be mapped to a Trino table name. Specify a table name (column A) and the sheet ID (column B) in the metadata sheet. To refer to a specific range in the sheet, add the range after the sheet ID, separated with #. If a range is not provided, the connector loads only 10,000 rows by default from the first tab in the sheet.

The first row of the provided sheet range is used as the header and will determine the column names of the Trino table. For more details on sheet range syntax see the google sheets docs.

Writing to sheets#

The same way sheets can be queried, they can also be written by appending data to existing sheets. In this case the service account user must also have Editor permissions on the sheet.

After data is written to a table, the table contents are removed from the cache described in API usage limits. If the table is accessed immediately after the write, querying the Google Sheets API may not reflect the change yet. In that case the old version of the table is read and cached for the configured amount of time, and it might take some time for the written changes to propagate properly.

Keep in mind that the Google Sheets API has usage limits, that limit the speed of inserting data. If you run into timeouts you can increase timeout times to avoid 503: The service is currently unavailable errors.

API usage limits#

The Google Sheets API has usage limits, that may impact the usage of this connector. Increasing the cache duration and/or size may prevent the limit from being reached. Running queries on the information_schema.columns table without a schema and table name filter may lead to hitting the limit, as this requires fetching the sheet data for every table, unless it is already cached.

Type mapping#

Because Trino and Google Sheets each support types that the other does not, this connector modifies some types when reading data.

Google Sheets type to Trino type mapping#

The connector maps Google Sheets types to the corresponding Trino types following this table:

Google Sheets type to Trino type mapping#

Google Sheets type

Trino type



No other types are supported.

SQL support#

In addition to the globally available and read operation statements, this connector supports the following features:

Table functions#

The connector provides specific Table functions to access Google Sheets.

sheet(id, range) -> table#

The sheet function allows you to query a Google Sheet directly without specifying it as a named table in the metadata sheet.

For example, for a catalog named ‘example’:

      id => 'googleSheetIdHere'));

A sheet range or named range can be provided as an optional range argument. The default sheet range is $1:$10000 if one is not provided:

      id => 'googleSheetIdHere',
      range => 'TabName!A1:B4'));